A message from House Democratic Leader Brian King
Our members made significant gains this year with the issues they presented to the Legislature and to the people of Utah. We had successes in the areas of homelessness, gun research and safety, and government transparency. We’ve moved the dial on issues dealing with wages, paid family leave, and the rights of individuals to make their own healthcare decisions. The legislature faced progressive issues that are seemingly inevitable - things like medicinal marijuana and eliminating the death penalty. Utah is moving forward, and, as Democrats, we are happy to lead the charge.
Here are some hot topics we addressed in the 2016 legislative session:
Since last year’s legislative session, we made direct appeals to our colleagues to be involved in the discussion about how to proceed forward. However, our Republican colleagues shut Democrats out of the process of meaningfully participating in putting together a Medicaid expansion proposal.
During the last two weeks of the session multiple lobbyists asked Democrats if we were going to be voting for HB 437, Representative Jim Dunnigan’s “Medicaid Improvement” bill. There was some suggestion that the Republicans might need Democratic votes to pass that bill. However, before the bill came to the House floor for a vote, we learned that Rep. Dunningan had 39 Republican co-sponsors, one more vote than would be necessary to pass the bill. House Republicans needed to “own” the Medicaid issue according to the Speaker. Democrats were free to vote in a way that allowed us to clearly draw attention to our preferred alternative: full Medicaid expansion as contained in SB 77 sponsored by Senator Davis. As a clearly inadequate substitute for Medicaid expansion, House Republicans do “own” HB 437.
We want to make sure Utahns know the difference between what House Republicans and House Democrats want for our constituents. HB 437 is not Medicaid expansion. Rather, it was a modest extension of our existing Medicaid program that had nothing to do with Medicaid expansion as envisioned by the Affordable Care Act. It did not use any of the funds made available by the ACA. Compared to full Medicaid expansion or even the Governor’s Healthy Utah plan, it was a gross waste of taxpayer dollars and disregard of the needs of the least among us. Will it help the 16,000 people who will gain additional coverage under that bill? Yes. But doing so may actually hurt our ability to expand Medicaid in the future to cover all who currently fall in the gap.
Democrats are at the forefront of clean air, water, and the environmental and economic development issues they present.
The legislature accomplished some good things in this session. Among other things, we increased the statute of limitation for environmental code violations, moved forward with incentivizing the conversion of older vehicles to clean fuel alternatives, acted to phase in ultra-low NOx water heaters, created a Clean Air Fund to which taxpayers can contribute on their tax returns, improved our electric vehicle infrastructure, and acted to help companies in nonattainment areas install the best available air pollution technology. Democrats supported each of these bills.
Having said that, the legislature failed on some important bills. We refused to provide funding for the Clean Air Retrofit, Replacement, and Off-Road Technology (CARROT) fund. We refused to authorize funds to replace the nearly 50% of the air quality monitors that are beyond their useful life. We refused to fund conversion of diesel to clean fuel busses. We refused to increase penalties for environmental crimes that have not changed in 35 years. Democrats supported each of these bills. But despite our best efforts, these bills and budget appropriation priorities failed.
Elections and Voting Rights
For years now, the legislature has made the process of voting more difficult. By making it harder to get issues on the ballot or simply confusing voters with numerous new laws, Utah voters have a hard time feeling like their vote, and their voice, matters.
Democrats have been fighting to make sure elections are fair, transparent, and accessible. The power of being an elected official should not also be the power to manipulate elections. With that in mind, Representative Chavez-Houck argued for an independent redistricting commission to draw legislative lines with balance, not partisanship, in mind. To spark the interest of young Utahns in elections and government and encourage their lifetime participation, Representative Joel Briscoe authored a bill expanding who can participate in primary elections. Representative Patrice Arent knows the qualifications of individual candidates are more important than party labels. That is why she sponsored a bill that would do away with straight ticket voting.
Money in politics is a dirty trend that has only grown since the Supreme Court’s decision in Citizens United v. FEC. In Utah, Democrats do not believe pay-to-play is the way representative government should work. I have continually sponsored a bill on campaign finance reform that would cap the amounts given to any candidate by any individual or organization. Representative Patrice Arent has been working on closing loopholes in our finance laws to ensure that all candidates for office follow the same rules. Government should be focused primarily on serving the interests of regular people of Utah rather than to fill the pockets of shareholders or enhance the bottom lines of corporations.
True economic success only comes when we decide to invest in the most important resource we have - the people of Utah. That’s why Representative Lynn Hemingway sponsored a living wage bill that would allow working Utahns the room to grow in a changing economy. The minimum wage does not reflect the worth of the worker, and Utah needs to show it recognizes that by requiring businesses to pay employees an hourly amount that allows a regular person to live without having to rely on government assistance.
The family friendly state that we live in too often fails to protect employees from disruption in income when they have events that require leave from work for family issues that we all welcome of realize are inevitable. This year, Representative Angela Romero sponsored a bill that would support Paid Family Leave by the state of Utah. This would give Utahns the time to bond with a new family member or grieve for a lost one without fear of losing their job. Representative Mark Wheatley also worked on a bill that would make it illegal for an employer to keep employees from discussing their salary. Piece by piece, Democrats are working their way toward equal opportunity in the workforce.
We can clearly see the difference between Republicans and Democrats when it comes to public education. We have leaders throughout the state on the Republican side demanding that the U.S. Department of Education be dismantled and that all control go to the individual states. Meanwhile Republicans in state government whittle away at public education funding year by year. And many of our Republican colleagues belittle the education professionals in our schools across the state and second guess decisions about curriculum, teaching methods, and professional development requirements. All the while, our dedicated teachers work long hours doing their best to help prepare our children with the information and skills they need to live productive lives and compete in a global economy.
As House Democrats, we do not accept the fundamental ideological disconnect that we see at the Legislature regarding public education. That is why our caucus members, led by Representative Joel Briscoe on this issue, identified funding alternatives to increase our public education budget. Rep. Briscoe pushed and pulled in budget negotiations, in committees, and on the House floor to increase the amount of money that goes into our schools. Representative Marie Poulson worked to get SAGE scores out of our teacher evaluations, citing that the test often has little to do with how effectively our teachers do their jobs. Democrats continue to support our teachers and schools. Like Malala Yousafzai, we know that “One book, one pen, one child, and one teacher can change the world.”
This brief list of all the work Democrats put forth in the most recent legislative session is only a small glimpse into the efforts your elected officials. We hold only 16% of the legislature, but are able to provide a strong voice for the beliefs and priorities of so many Utahns. I’m very proud of every one of my Democratic colleagues.
Utahns want comprehensive sex education, but the Utah Legislature won't hear the options. A house committee voted against releasing the bill to the full house, with some members openly refusing to even consider the issue. The bill was killed in House Education Committee last night, by a vote of 11-2 even thought 64% of Utahns support the provisions.
Representative Brian King provided some interesting facts to the committee:
• Chlamydia rates have increased 49.2% from 2004 to 2014.
• Gonorrhea cases increased 398% from 2011 to 2014.
• 15-29 year olds are the age group most afflicted by gonorrhea and chlamydia in Utah
• Comprehensive sex education that includes discussion of abstinence as well as contraception and protection methods, works best in reducing teen pregnancy and STD rates.
Parts of the Bill:
• Medicaid Waiver
o This section grants family planning services to individuals who fall in the current Medicaid coverage gap
♣ These services include screening and testing for breast and cervical cancer, sexual health education, family planning counseling, forms of birth control
• Eliminates criminal provisions that allow for prosecution of individuals who provide contraceptive information to minors
• Defines human sexuality education as age appropriate, medically accurate, comprehensive education including instruction on personal hygiene, prevention of disease, boundary setting, development of safe and healthy relationships, and resisting peer pressure
o Age appropriate curriculum will be established by the State Board of Education
♣ Sexuality education may not be taught in kindergarten through grade 3
Representative Brian King has vowed to bring the bill back to the Legislature next year.